Spreadability and hate speech of radical conservatism: The Peruvian case on TikTok

By: Elder Cuevas-Calderón, Eduardo Yalán Dongo and Lilian Kanashiro


Volume: 09
Issue: 02:Winter 2023
ISSN: 2459-2943
DOI: 10.18680/hss.2023.0018
Pages: 27-53
Lic.: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Hate Speech



This study aimed to establish a typology of the modes of spreadability of hate speech by radicalized conservative groups. Using Veron’s semiotic model, we focused on three analytical dimensions of circulation: temporalization, spatialization, and tracking. This approach helped us understand the qualities of spreadability inherent in hate speech. Employing a qualitative methodological strategy, we selected a corpus of 188 videos featuring Peruvian radical conservatives on TikTok. Through this analysis, we identified four modes of spreadability among conservative groups on TikTok: contagion, propagation, contamination, and population. The modes of spreadability through contagion and propagation generate themes of change. Spreadability through contamination and population upholds the preservation of the past. The contribution of this study lies in explaining how the modes of circulation for conservative hate speech function as strategies within a cultural war aimed at ideological entrenchment.


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